This was taken from 'History Stories of Alabama', Alabama State Textbook. Originally printed 1924, Reprinted 1952. This was a textbook used in schools to educate on the history of Alabama. It is reprinted here exactly as it appears within the pages of the textbook.
After the Southern States withdrew from the Union and the Confederacy was formed, the new Government needed a flag of its own. Nicola Marschall of Marion, Alabama, was asked to design the flag and he gladly consented to do so.
Nearly fifty years afterwards, members of the United Daughters of the Confederacy in Alabama decided to find out all about the making of that flag.
One U.D.C. member went to Louisville, Kentucky, where Mr. and Mrs. Nichola Marschall then lived. Both of them remembered everything about the making of the flag. Another woman went to see Mrs. Tabitha Curry Lee who was then living in Philadelphia. It was she who had done the sewing for the flag which Marschall planned. She was a young girl when the war began, but she had never forgotten about the needle work she did on Nichola Marschall's flag.
About 20 other Marion people, who knew that Nichola Marschall planned the flag, were visited. Each of them wrote down the facts and swore before an officer of the law that their statements were true.
This is what Nichola Marschall said about the making of the Confederate flag:
"Mrs. Napoleon Lockett, a beautiful Southern woman of an old Virginia family and the wife of a wealthy planter, lived in Marion. Two of her sons married daughters of Governor Moore.
"Mrs. Lockett was as loyal a daughter as the South had she was much interested in its affairs. She came to me one day and said: 'Mr. Marschall, we have withdrawn from the Union and the Confederate Government wants a flag. Will you make one? It must not be too unlike the United States flag.'"
Mr. Marschall said that he made three trials before he finished his work. He said that the last drawing was the flag which was adopted by the Confederate Congress as the Flag of the Confederacy.
Mrs. Napoleon Lockett, Miss Tabitha Curry, and other friends came with Nichola Marschall from Marion to Montgomery, when he presented the flag to President Jefferson Davis. They made the trip in a carriage and were warmly welcomed in "The Cradle of the Confederacy."
On March 4, 1861, the Confederate flag was raised on the Capitol grounds. A great crowd of patriotic men, women and children gathered for the occasion. The flag was unfurled by Miss Letitia Tyler. She was the granddaughter of John Tyler, former President of the United States. She was a young girl then and was very beautiful as she stood before the large crowd and unfurled the beloved Stars and Bars.
It was after the Battle of Manassas in Virginia that Confederate leaders decided that their flag looked too much like that of the enemy. So another flag which is known as the "Battle Flag of the Confederacy" was made.
You will see that there were two flags used by the Confederacy. One, the Battle Flag, was used in battles; the other "which was the Flag of the Confederacy" was used on the ships at sea and it also floated from all public buildings. The Battle Flag is the one that you see most often for it is the one which the Confederate Veterans carry when they have a parade.
Something To Do
Get a large piece of card board and draw the Confederate Flag on it. Use colored pencils and make it just like the flag. Then get another piece of card board and make the Battle Flag. Color it. Let the class vote on who has the best flags.
All schools now have our National Flag. See how the Flag of the Confederacy differs from the National Flag.
The Battle Flag of the Confederacy was made because it was so hard to tell the Flag of the Confederacy from the Union Flag in battles.
See in what ways they are alike.
What do the stars in the National Flag stand for?
What do the stars in the Confederate Flag stand for?
Which do you think it was easier to tell from the Union Flag-- the Flag of the Confederacy or the Battle Flag? Tell why.